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calumus meretrix et gladio innocentis

Reading This Wiki

Here are some general hints for readers of this wiki.

Names of People

Women are always called by their birth names in this Wiki except in material quoted from other sources. Everyone is called by his birth name as closely as it is known. Nick names and first names may be used in long articles after the full name is given.

In some case, especially for people born in the 19th century and before, birth records have not been found. Often hints a middle initials or what middle initials may stand for are found in a few documents. Also, suffixes such as Jr., Sr., and so forth are used inconsistently. No one is born Sr. Jr. should be someone whose name is otherwise exactly the same as his father's, II should be used for someone who has the exact same name as someone other than his father (perhaps an uncle or grandfather), and so forth. In many of these cases, where the facts are not clear, the "birth name" may be more or less arbitrary.

Reading Transcribed Tables:

  1. Curly brackets {} indicate the original used ditto marks to carry down information entered above the lines transcribed. The data carried down is in the curly brackets.
  2. In some census a slash / is used to indicate an affirmative answer.
  3. A period (dot) in cell indicates an empty cell in the original. Some transcribers use this to help them count cells.
  4. Header cells are abbreviated and often the abbreviations are not particularly clear. For censuses, pages like Census 1880 will list the questions as they should have been asked. In some cases, abbreviations do not mean exactly the same thing in different census years. For example, Marr. in Yr. in some censuses may mean enter the month married if married within the year but in other cases may call only for an affirmative answer if the person was married in the year.
  5. Enumerators did not always follow instructions for the census. The transcribe is supposed to enter what is on the original even if it is obviously in error.

Categories: Help for Readers

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